What is Forex Trading?

10 Most Important Factors – Low-Risk Trade Example

what is forex trading?


Forex is the most liquid market, where a retail trader can enter the market with a minimum deposit. But to avoid losses a trader must learn a lot. Here we discuss forex trading elaborately by pointing 10 most important factors.  To understand what is forex trader also know the following factors to trade well –

  1. What is Forex?
  2. What are Currency Pairs?
  3. How does currency trading work?
  4. Special Benefits of Forex Market
  5. Generally Traded Currencies
  6. Before Starting Forex Trading
  7. Trade Executions in YOUR Terminal
  8. Standard Risk-Reward Ratio
  9. Avoid Get Rich Quick Services in Forex Trading
  10. Trade Example With Correct Risk-Reward

1. What is Forex Trading?

Forex is a term that traders and professionals often use to refer to the currency exchanging market. The primary function that this market serves is facilitating the exchange of currencies between institutions, corporations, and individuals. It’s by far, the biggest market in the world with the daily volume as of 2013 reaching over 5 trillion US Dollars. Most of it, about 80% occurs between large financial institutions and banks.

The main trading centers are London, New York, Tokyo, Frankfurt, and Singapore. The largest traded volume occurs in the city of London, hence, it is considered the capital of the Forex market.

The Forex market is an integral part of our life. Whenever you need to travel to another country or buy something from abroad, you will need foreign currency. Everyone is in some way part of this huge foreign exchange market.

The currency market is a unique financial market because it is open and trading all around the clock during the working days of the week. This trillion-dollar market opens 5 days a week 24 hours. it’s not centralized in one place like other financial markets are. Instead, banks and financial institutions trade directly with each other through large financial networks.

2. What are Currency Pairs?

A “currency pair” is a Forex instrument. Such as EURUSD, USDJPY, USDCHF, etc. Forex is always traded in pairs. In the case of EURUSD, this parity means that you trade Euros against US dollars. If you buy EURUSD, you are buying Euros and selling Dollars. On the other hand, if you sell EURUSD, you are selling Euros and buying Dollars.

  • Major Currency Pair: Generally speaking, major currency pairs are considered to drive the foreign exchange market. They are the most frequently traded, Major currency trading volume is more than 80% of the daily trading volume. The four major currency pairs: are EURUSD, GBPUSD, USDJPY, and USDCHF there are also three Commodity Pairs – AUDUSD, USDCAD, and NZDUSD. Those pairs are highly liquid, consider stable and well-managed economies, and are less prone to slippage.
  • Cross-currency pairs: In this type of pair does not include the US dollar. The most frequently traded crosses currency pairs are EURGBP, EURCHF, and EURJPY.

We escape here from other types of trading pairs that are very risky for trading.

3. How does currency trading work?

Currencies are usually traded with each other in the form of currency pairs, called exchange rates of certain pairs. Such as EURUSD, the US dollar, and the Euro. Most currency transactions are facilitated by central banks and global banks for inter-banking settlement.

The central bank is the backbone of the money market. As a foreign exchange trader, your main purpose in buying and selling currencies is to make a profit. Your profit (or loss) is the difference between the exchange rates of the currency pairs you trade. The currency rate is always fluctuating here the live rate chart at Bloomberg

4. Special Benefits of Forex Market

Because of these reasons, the Forex market has special characteristics that offer traders attractive opportunities for profit, such as:

Selling is just as easy as buying – Unlike in the stock market, shorting a currency pair is a common practice. In fact, it’s no different than buying a pair because of the way the Forex market works. When you go long on a pair, say EURUSD, you are simultaneously buying the first currency (Euro) and selling the second one (USD). When you go short, you are selling the first currency (EUR) and buying the second (USD).

  • Very high leverage available, even up to 1000:1
  • Clear and reliable chart patterns – Because of the high liquidity in the market, technical analysis tends to work better in the Forex market”
  • Compared to other financial markets smaller capital is required to start trading”

5. Generally Traded Currencies

The most liquidated currencies that are also traded, are the US dollar, Euro, Japanese yen, British pound, Swiss Franc, CAD Canadian dollar, and Australian dollar.

Unlike the stock market, the Forex trading market has no central exchange. With trading forex, you can make a profit (loss also?) whether the market is up or down. Contrasting, only make money when the stock market goes up.

Most Traded Currency Table –

Symbol Currency Country Nickname
USD American dollar USA Buck
EUR Euro Europe Fiber
JPY Japanese yen Japan Yen
GBP Pound sterling Britain Cable
CHF Swiss franc Swiss Swissy
CAD Canadian dollar Canada Loonie
AUD Australian dollar Australia Aussie
NZD New Zealand Dollar New Zealand Kiwi

6. Before Starting Forex Trading

Forex online brokers provide a practice account you can see every broker has an opportunity to open a demo account. There are lots of guidance, and market forecasts for the beginning investor. Beginner traders can practice their skills in forex trading before actually investing in a live forex account with real capital.

Once you have gathered some basic skills, the lowest amount of investment can be made.  Some brokers’ support is as low as $100.00. This ‘mini-trading account is a nice way to start forex trading.  But keep in mind for inappropriate money management with such a small amount can blow up your trading account in a day.  So you need to learn something about money management. In spite of using a good trading system without correct money, management success goes far. For this reason, we provide a money management guide to our forex trading signals subscribers for free that helps a trader a lot. With the graphical examples in the guide, you will find some valuable tips.

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7. Trade Executions in YOUR Terminal

For money management need to learn proper stop-loss, take profit, and trailing stop using. First, I am saying here about Stop loss and take profit in regards to execution trading. Stop-loss allows you how much risk you want to take for the trade and taking profit allows you to enter the expected price level. But those are not guessing job that almost all new trader trades on guesses. Trading in the forex market must not be guesswork! Besides calculation, the risk parentage here also needs some calculation where the market can react. Practice this in your demo account,  subscribe to the best trading signal or analysis then learn some strategy and gradually you will become a pro.

8. Standard Risk – Reward Ratio

Your stop loss must be smaller than the profit target. But that should be ensured by correct analysis if the analysis does not support the correct reward for your risk then avoid the trade setup and wait. Per trade, capital risk should not be exceeded by 2%. That is also recommended by all of the forex experts. We have elaborated the calculation in our guide in the premium member area that is accessible in the download section.

9. Avoid Get Rich Quick Services in Forex Trading

Be very careful of companies that offer lucrative returns, and monthly gain thousands of PIPs. Before falling into such a trap please contact them to justify yourself to know that is the profit is realistic or not. Be careful as well as extremely profitable statements without a clear trading result that is most of the time misleading. Unlike other businesses, It is good to treat forex as a business, and here defensively realistic profit is possible. We are making this true.  Try the trader dashboard for 15 Days

10. Trade Example With Correct Risk-Reward

In this trade, we enter the market after triggering the pending order at 1.2325 where YOU can see the target first minimum of 50 PIPs reached. As the market is down we expect to reach its 100 PIPs. Here SL is 40 PIPs. We need to identify the correct trend and its strength and how long the market will advance if we go the opposite we must close this in the minimum loss. By this methodology, we can protect the account and can make a profit consistently.

forex trading low risk

Learn about False Order Trigger

Proper Stop Loss Setting is Necessary to Save From False Trigger. We have written details with chart pictures here on How to set a proper stop-loss.  Sometimes false triggers can be very annoying for a trader.  Often some traders blame only brokers, but there needs a good calculation for large spread brokers. To calculate Stop Loss (SL) a trader should take the bid price.

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